Woran man einen rückengerechten Schulrucksack erkennt

| 24. Mrz. 2011

Viele Kinder finden einen Rucksack cooler als eine Schultasche. Wer ein paar Regeln befolgt, sorgt dafür, dass seine Kinder nicht nur cool sind, sondern dabei auch noch ihren Rücken schonen.

Mit zunehmendem Alter gefällt vielen Kindern die Schultasche nicht mehr, die von ihren Eltern mit bestem Gewissen und vielleicht sogar obendrein unter Rücksichtnahme auf Ergonomie und Größe ausgesucht worden ist. Dann muss meist ein Rucksack her.

Doch auch bei der Auswahl eines Rucksacks für Ihr Kind müssen ein paar grundsätzliche Dinge beachtet werden, um Rückenschmerzen durch falschen Gebrauch vorzubeugen – vor allem in Zeiten, in denen immer wieder von zunehmenden Rückenschmerzen bei Kindern berichtet wird.

Was muss ein rückengerechter Schulrucksack bieten?

Vor allem breite Tragegurte mit guter Polsterung. Zusätzlich Brust- und Bauchgurte zum Fixieren des Rucksacks sind ebenfalls zu empfehlen, weil sie helfen, das Gewicht besser zu verteilen und damit die Schultern entlasten.

Wie verwendet man einen rückengerechten Schulrucksack richtig?

So wird ein Schulrucksack richtig verwendet.

Achten Sie auf die richtige Länge der Tragegurte. Sie sollten nicht zu lange eingestellt sein. Sonst hängt der Rucksack zu weit nach unten und Ihr Kind muss vornüber gebeugt gehen, um das Gleichgewicht zu halten. Als Faustregel gilt: Ein Rucksack wird dann richtig getragen, wenn er wie ein Wanderrucksack getragen wird – nahe an den Schultern.

Achten Sie darauf, dass Ihr Kind den Rucksack immer mit beiden Gurten auf den Schultern trägt. Alles andere führt zu Fehlhaltungen.

Und für einen Rucksack gilt wie für die Schultasche: Nie zu schwer beladen. Alles, was 15 Prozent des Körpergewichts Ihres Kindes übersteigt, ist zu schwer – und führt zu unnötigen Mehr-Belastungen des Rückens. Alle hier genannten Tipps finden Sie auch in der folgenden Infografik.

Und was ist aus Sicht der Rückenhelfer von den derzeit vermehrt anzutreffenden Trolleys zu halten?

Sie sind eine gute Alternative zu Rucksäcken. Allerdings nur, wenn der Schulweg erlaubt, dass Ihr Kind den Trolley auch durchgehend ziehen kann. Bei allzu vielen Tragestrecken kommt es zu einseitiger Belastung – und damit steigt die Wahrscheinlichkeit für Rückenschmerzen.

Achten Sie beim Kauf auch auf die richtige Länge des Griffs. Ihr Kind muss beim Ziehen des Trolleys aufrecht gehen können, weil es sonst eine Fehlhaltung einnehmen muss. Und denken Sie daran: Ein Griff, dessen Länge sind variabel einstellen lässt, ist am allerbesten, denn nur so wächst der Trolley mit Ihrem Kind mit.

Foto oben: Michiel Van Balen, Lizenz: CC BY 2.0, Illustration: Die Rückenhelfer

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